ProductsOur products are the result of long-term breeding programs based on our clients' challenges and opportunities. We focus on properties like good growth, disease resistance and flesh quality. We also have products tailored to organic production and production for specific environmental standards and we can supply sterile fish.
We can supply products tailored to our customers’ needs. Parent animal properties vary and that is how we select those that determine which properties roe will get. Apart from two basic products we have therefore chosen not to have standard products, but rather classify product groups, starting with the stock, health characteristics, production characteristics and roe processing.
OUR BASIC PRODUCTS FOR GROWTH - OPTIMAL
Fish grow is a fundamental characteristic for farmed salmon. Growth was the first property for selection of brood stock, and we weight always fish with good growth characteristics into our breeding core. For some customers, that produce in areas where disease does not create problems, growth is the main property. OPTIMAL cannot be combined with custom weighting for other properties; we have provided for a basic weighting where growth is the most important property, combined with a balanced weighting for health properties by means of family selection.
OUR PRODUCT FOR TAILORED ROE - GENOMIC
Genetic methods have opened new possibilities in the last five years and the precision of breeding has been significantly improved. With methods like genomic selection and QTL, we select, for instance, for disease resistance and resistance to parasites. We can choose brood stock with the desired genotype and tailor roe out of the possibilities and challenges that our clients face in the areas they farm fish. All GENOMIC products have a basic weighting which ensures that fish grow well. SalmoBreed stock and Stofnfiskur stock have some differences in terms of diseases that have priority. The table shows which properties can be prioritized in the two different stocks and in Crossbreed roe.
In addition to roe from SalmoBreed stock we can throughout the year deliver roe from our Icelandic sister company Stofnfiskur and roe produced from Stofnfiskur roe fertilized with milt from SalmoBreed males - we call this Crossbreed.
The original stocks from Bolaks and Jakta have formed the basis for what are today SalmoBreed’s populations. Fish stock that is bred in Stofnfiskur originates from 1991. At that time individuals from several stocks that were previously collected from Norway to Iceland were selected for the breeding core.
By combining Icelandic roe, available all year round and milt from SalmoBreed males, we can deliver roe with strong genetic properties every week. By crossing individuals from two different populations we benefit from the fact that the two parents are genetically very different. We get then what is called heterosis effect; we get a leap in the desired properties that can not be explained only through genetic selection. Crossbreed can be weighted both for different health properties, growth and flesh quality.
HEALTH - ROBUSTNESS TAILORED TO LOCAL CHALLENGES
We can produce roe with increased resistance to one or more diseases; the more features the more demanding is the production and therefore fewer parents individuals with the desired properties.
The product is named according the pathogen it is selected for. Eg. SalmoBreed PD. For two properties the product is named DUO (Salmobreed DUO, StofnFiskur DUO), for three properties product group is named TRIOand four properties QUATRO.
Overview of the selection possibilities, health properties (combinations marked in blue are not available):
ORGANIC SALMON PRODUCTION - STOFNFISKUR ORGANIC
From Stofnfiskur we can deliver roe where brood stock are held in conditions that meet the specific guidelines applicable to organic production.
The roe is selected for growth, quality standards and disease resistance according to the customer’s desired weighting.
TRIPLOID ROE - STERILE FISH FOR AVOIDING CROSSING WITH WILD SALMON STOCKS
Production of sterile fish has increased since the green environmental licenses have been adopted. By subjecting the roe to high pressure in a specific period of time after fertilization roe will have three chromosome pairs instead of two, like normal diploid fish have. Triploid fish cannot reproduce. Through strict quality criteria, Stofnfiskur ensures that all roe sold as triploid really has three sets of chromosomes and therefore are sterile.
Triploid roe can be selected for both the growth, quality and disease resistance.
Fish produced from triploid roe have special environment and nutrition requirements. Get in contact with your SalmoBreed for advice and details.
ALL FEMALE - AVOID PRODUCTION LOSSES FROM MALE FISH THAT BECOME EARLY MATURE
With all female population in facilities the fish farmer avoids loss of growth due to early maturation of male fish.
The challenges with early maturation are especially big in confined plants. In these plants production conditions are so optimized that the fish’s natural instincts are directed towards early maturity instead of growth. In all species it is the male animal genetic properties that determine what gender offspring will get. The males have X chromosomes which result female offspring and Y chromosomes which result male offspring. Females have only X chromosomes. Through specific treatment of brood stock females are controlled to become males, Neo-males. The milt they produce has only X chromosomes. When we use milt from Neo-males in production all offspring is of females.
LAND BASE - FISH WITH LATE SEXUAL MATURATION
SalmoBreed has selected fish especially for late sexual maturation and improved flesh quality. Such weighting is specially adapted for production in RAS facilities where disease is not a problem, but the fish has an early maturation because of the excellent production conditions.